Exploring the Depths of Tantric Philosophy - Tantric London

Exploring the Depths of Tantric Philosophy

Contrary to popular belief, Tantra is much more than esoteric rituals or sexual practices. It’s a comprehensive spiritual system rooted in ancient South Asian traditions.

Emerging around the 5th century CE, Tantra integrates teachings from Vedanta and Buddhism, among others.

Its core philosophy views all aspects of life, including emotions, thoughts, and physical sensations, as pathways to spiritual awakening and consciousness expansion.

Tantra is not just about specific practices; it represents a holistic worldview, merging spiritual and material realms for transformative self-realisation. This introduction clarifies Tantra’s true nature and profound spiritual significance.

Understanding Tantra

“Tantra” is a word from the ancient Sanskrit language, often translated as “weave” or “extend.” This hints at Tantra’s core principle: connecting various aspects of life and expanding our understanding. It’s about seeing the intricate web of life, where everything is interconnected through meditation practices and ancient tantra philosophy.

Tantra is more than just a set of spiritual rituals; it’s a comprehensive worldview. It recognises the divine presence in everything and urges us to embrace every part of our existence. This includes our desires, thoughts, emotions, and our physical selves. Tantra is a journey of self-discovery, guiding us to find harmony between our inner experiences and the external world. It’s about learning to see the extraordinary in the ordinary.

Tantra’s Perspective on Reality

At the heart of Tantra is the concept of consciousness or awareness. Tantra proposes that this consciousness is the fundamental building block of the universe. Everything we experience is a manifestation of this divine consciousness. This view mirrors some ideas in quantum mechanics, where interconnectedness and the role of the observer are fundamental.

The Historical Journey of Tantra

Tantra’s roots stretch back about 1500 years in the regions of South Asia. It emerged around the 5th century as a distinct spiritual path, weaving elements from older traditions like Vedanta and Buddhism.

Over time, Tantra evolved, reflecting the cultural and spiritual landscapes it touched. Tantra profoundly influenced Hindu practices in India, especially in worshipping deities like Shiva and Shakti, who embody masculine and feminine cosmic principles.

Meanwhile, Tantra merged into Buddhist practices in Tibet, giving birth to Vajrayana Buddhism. This cross-cultural influence shows Tantra’s versatility and ability to adapt and enrich various spiritual traditions.

  • In Hinduism:
    Tantra is divided into Agama and Nigama texts, associated with specific deities and traditions like Shaiva, Vaishnava, and Shakta.
  • In Tibetan Buddhism:
    The Nyingma tradition categorises Tantra into six classes: Kriya, Carya, Yoga, and Anuttarayoga, focusing on mantra and inner spiritual union.
  • The Sarma Traditions:
    Classify Tantra into Kriya, Charya, Yoga, and Anuttarayoga, each with unique practices and principles for spiritual growth.
  • Principles of Tantric Practice

    In the following section, we explore the foundational principles of Tantric practice, delving into its core concepts like consciousness, energy management, non-duality, integration of life experiences, and the emphasis on embodiment, along with the vital role of energy channels and practices in Tantra.


    • Central Role of Consciousness:
      In Tantra, consciousness is the core of our being. It’s about understanding that our true self is more than our thoughts and physical body. This awareness leads to a deeper connection with ourselves and the world.
    • Self-realisation:
      The practice focuses on realising our true nature, which is believed to be a state of pure consciousness. This involves exploring and understanding our inner selves at a profound level.

    Energy and Its Management

    • Everything as Energy:
      Tantra views the world as made up of energy. This energy is not just physical but also emotional and spiritual.
    • Managing Energy:
      The practice involves learning to recognise, balance, and direct this energy within ourselves. This energy management is critical to personal growth and spiritual development.

    The Concept of Non-Duality

    • Interconnectedness:
      Tantra teaches that everything in the universe is interconnected. This concept, known as non-duality, means there’s no absolute separation between us and the world around us.
    • Beyond Dualistic Thinking:
      The practice encourages moving beyond the usual distinctions we make (like good vs. bad or self vs. other) to experience a sense of oneness with all things.

    Integration of Life Experiences

    • Embracing All Aspects of Life:
      Tantra involves integrating every part of our experience—our thoughts, feelings, bodily sensations, and experiences—into our spiritual path.
    • Holistic Approach:
      This principle encourages us to see every aspect of our lives as an opportunity for growth and enlightenment rather than as a distraction or hindrance.

    Emphasis on Embodiment

    • Living the Teachings:
      Tantra strongly emphasises embodiment, meaning that its teachings are not just to be contemplated but lived and experienced through the body.
    • Body as a Path to Awareness:
      The physical body is seen as a vessel for divine energy and a means to experience higher states of consciousness.

    The Role of Energy in Tantra

    By understanding and applying these concepts, practitioners can embark on a transformative journey that integrates all aspects of their being.

    Energy Channels (Nadis) and Chakras

    • Nadis:
      These are energy channels in the body through which life force (prana) flows. Key nadis include the Ida, Pingala, and Sushumna.
    • Chakras:
      These are energy centres located along the spine. Each chakra corresponds to different aspects of our physical, emotional, and spiritual selves.

    Energy Purification and Balance

    • Cleansing Practices:
      Techniques like pranayama (breath control) and meditation are used to cleanse and balance the energy in the nadis and chakras.
    • Activating Chakras:
      Various practices, including visualisations, mantras, and yoga postures, are employed to activate and balance the chakras, facilitating the free flow of energy throughout the body.

    These principles and practices in Tantric philosophy offer a path to deeper self-awareness, spiritual growth, and a harmonious balance between the physical and spiritual realms.

    Tantric Yoga and Its Benefits

    Tantric Yoga differs significantly from modern yoga practices, which often focus on physical postures and fitness. Tantric Yoga integrates meditation, energy work, and spiritual exploration into daily life. It’s a holistic practice that brings together body, mind, and spirit in a deeply interconnected way.


    • Increased Vitality:
      Regular practice can lead to enhanced energy and well-being.
    • Emotional Balance:
      By addressing the whole person, Tantric Yoga helps in managing emotions and fostering emotional resilience.
    • Mental Clarity:
      The practices help in calming the mind, leading to improved focus and insight.
    • Spiritual Self-Recognition:
      It facilitates a deeper understanding of oneself as part of the greater cosmic consciousness.

    Practices and Techniques

    • Meditation:
      Central to Tantric Yoga, it involves various techniques for focusing and expanding consciousness.
    • Mantra:
      The use of sacred sounds to align the mind and spirit.
    • Mudra:
      Hand gestures that channel energy and aid meditation.
    • Pranayama:
      Breath control exercises to regulate energy flow.
    • Bandha:
      Energy locks used to guide and control the flow of energy.
    • Visualisation:
      Techniques for creating mental images that support spiritual and energetic goals.
    • Attitude and View of Reality:
      Developing a perspective aligned with non-dual Tantra, recognising the interconnectedness of all existence.

    Tantric Yoga and its sexual practices offer a comprehensive path for personal transformation and deepening connections, extending far beyond mere physical exercises or pleasure. They embody a journey toward spiritual, emotional, and physical harmony, revealing the profound interconnectedness of our existence.

    Tantric Sex

    Tantric sex is a spiritual and sensual practice that originates from ancient Hindu and Buddhist traditions. It emphasises sexual health and the spiritual connection between partners, going beyond mere physical satisfaction to include emotional and spiritual bonding. Tantric sex is characterised by slow, mindful interactions that focus on breathing, meditation, and energy exchange, aiming to extend sexual experiences to achieve a higher state of consciousness and intimacy.

    The practice involves techniques and rituals that help partners connect deeply, such as eye contact, synchronised breathing, and slow, intentional movements. The goal is not solely to reach orgasm but to enjoy the pleasure of the journey towards it, making the entire experience more meaningful and transformative. Tantric sex encourages exploring the depths of love and connection, using sexual energy as a pathway to greater spiritual and emotional fulfilment.


    • Improved Sexual Health:
      Increases blood circulation for better sexual health.
    • Enhanced Intimacy and Connection:
      Helps deepen the emotional and spiritual bond between partners.
    • Longer, Sustainable Orgasms:
      Enables extended and multiple orgasms.
    • Spiritual and Emotional Intimacy:
      Promotes a deeper, soul-to-soul connection.
    • Balanced Energy and Improved Communication:
      Encourages understanding and communication between partners.

    Tantra and Spirituality

    Tantric philosophy is intrinsically linked to spirituality, focusing on awakening to one’s true nature and experiencing the divine. This ancient tradition acknowledges the interconnectedness of all aspects of existence, blending physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual elements into a unified approach to personal growth and enlightenment.

    Spiritual Growth

    Tantra extends far beyond the common misconception of being solely about sexual practices. It’s a comprehensive spiritual path that encompasses all facets of life. At its heart, Tantra seeks to awaken individuals to their true nature, which is seen as a reflection of the divine. This process involves discovering the deeper aspects of oneself and the universe.

    Tantra teaches that the divine isn’t separate from the world but is inherently present in everything and everyone. Recognising this divinity in all aspects of life is a vital tenet of the philosophy.

    Body, Mind, Emotions, and Relationships

    Tantra encourages embracing desires, emotions, and the physical body, viewing them as integral parts of the spiritual journey. This acceptance leads to a more complete and authentic experience of life. Tantra’s path is profoundly personal and centred on self-discovery. It’s about understanding the interconnectedness of all things and using that knowledge for personal and spiritual development.

    Tantra offers a transformative path for those seeking a deeper understanding of themselves and the nature of reality. It’s about exploring and integrating various dimensions of life to achieve a greater sense of wholeness and fulfilment.

    Tantra and Sexuality

    Tantra’s relationship with sexuality is complex and often misunderstood in modern interpretations. It approaches sexual energy not just as a physical experience but as a profound spiritual and emotional journey.

    While Tantra is often associated with sexual practices, its perspective on sexuality goes beyond the mere physical act. It’s not just about physical pleasure but about understanding and embracing the sacredness in all aspects of life. Tantric philosophy sees sexuality as a holistic experience. It integrates the spiritual and the physical, acknowledging the divine presence in every aspect of existence, including our sexual experiences.

    Tantra’s Approach to Sexual Energy

    Tantra teaches that everything in life, including sexual energy, is sacred and divine. There’s no separation between spiritual and physical realms, and this unity is reflected in how Tantra views sexual experiences.

    In Tantric literature, emotions, eroticism, and sex are viewed as natural and desirable aspects of life. They are considered pathways for transformation and spiritual fulfilment. Tantra uses sexual energy as a tool for creating deeper connections—with oneself, with a partner, and with the universe. It’s about recognising the divine in everything and everyone and using that recognition to form meaningful connections.

    Within the context of Tantric philosophy, sexuality is viewed as an integral part of life that holds the potential for spiritual growth and connection. It’s not solely focused on physical pleasure but on a much more profound, spiritual level of experience.


    Related Articles


    Leave a Comment

    Scroll to Top